February 3, 2017

Evangelicals and Trump’s Promise to “Destroy” the Johnson Amendment

At yesterday’s National Prayer Breakfast, President Donald Trump said, “I will get rid of and totally destroy the Johnson Amendment and allow our representatives of faith to speak freely and without fear of retribution. I will do that. Remember.”

The 1954 amendment introduced by former Senator and President Lyndon B. Johnson bans all 501(c)(3) non-profit organizations—which includes churches and parachurch ministries—from endorsing candidates or participating in political campaigns as an institution or risk losing their tax exempt status.

Members of Congress have already moved to introduce legislation reversing the Johnson Amendment. The Free Speech Fairness Act is thought by many conservative lawmakers and Evangelical leaders to be a fair remedy the to free speech infringements imposed by the Johnson Amendment.

“I am grateful to President Trump for raising this issue to prominence over the last year,” responded Dr. Jerry Johnson, president of the National Religious Broadcasters, in a press statement. “For too long the infamous Johnson Amendment has dangled like a sword above the heads of pastors and ministry leaders, chilling their constitutional free speech rights.”

Hernan Castano pastors a minority church affected by a 2014 subpoena by the city of Houston demanding sermons dealing with homosexuality be turned over for review. As the Christian Post reports, Castano also lends his support to President Trump’s promise to “totally destroy” the Johnson Amendment.

“We need to repeal the Johnson Amendment because I have seen the faces of pastors, not only the pastors of big congregations but the pastors of smaller congregations,” Costano said. “I have seen the fear of their heart holding them back from speaking truth and I have seen them hold back from what will make a difference for their own people because they do not want the doors of their church buildings closed or their 501(c)(3) removed.”

Richard Land, president of Southern Evangelical Seminary, has previously denounced the Johnson Amendment as a political tool used by secular organizations like the ACLU to “intimidate and silence pastors and churches in addressing the political issues, which often have deeply moral components that face our nation.”

However, Land is cautious in his approach. “I personally don’t believe that churches should be endorsing candidates for office. Instead, we should be looking for candidates that endorse us, our values, our beliefs, our convictions.”

The constitutionality of the Johnson Amendment is debated as a violation of the First Amendment’s Free Speech and Exercise clauses as well as the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. As such, Dr. Land believes decisions of political engagement should be “made by the church and the pastor” and “not one that is coerced or mandated by the government.”

Russell Moore, president of the Southern Baptist Convention’s Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission, has argued along the same lines as Land. “While I don’t think a church normally should endorse candidates for office from the pulpit,” stated Moore previously, “Such decisions shouldn’t be dictated by bureaucrats at the IRS or anywhere else. That’s why I support the freedom of speech for churches and pastors, even when they say more or less than what I would say from the pulpit.”

Indeed, I too do not want to see my pastor or church collectively endorse candidates or support particular political campaigns. But yesterday my Methodist colleague Mark Tooley offered historical warnings for why Evangelicals should err on the side of caution in this debate.

Tooley, president of the Institute on Religion and Democracy and a life-long Methodist, offered a fresh reminder that neither American democracy nor American Christianity would be served by politicized churches regularly wading into partisan policy debates. “The institutional church has no historic mandate for routinely engaging in political specifics such as candidate endorsements or backing legislation,” wrote Tooley in an email.

Christian citizens might be called to work in specific areas of politics, that’s true. But if the institutional Church becomes politicized and partisan, Tooley explained it will lose its effectiveness for spreading the Gospel. We need only look at the history of the Mainline Protestant denominations to learn such a vital lesson.

“The sad history of the once predominant Mainline Protestant establishment,” wrote Tooley, “whose fall is partly due to its exchanging the Gospel for politic zeal, should be a warning to us all.”


4 Responses to Evangelicals and Trump’s Promise to “Destroy” the Johnson Amendment

  1. Truegrit says:

    Whereas you may be correct in saying that the pastors and churches have no historic mandate, it is still well-known by those who have studied that history that the American Revolution was cheered on by pastors of the time and the slavery issue actually divided the Methodists of this country into two “camps”.

    • Matthew says:

      To piggy back on this, someone, and sadly I don’t remember who, wrote about the Black Robe Regiment in the American Revolution.

      This was well before Beck, Barton and the Wallbuilders’ historical revisionism.

      It is also well worth noting that, while the church should focus on Christ, there are times that the Bible and politics will cross paths. Perhaps I should say society instead of politics…

  2. MarcoPolo says:

    Nice article. No, actually a great article!
    My reason for accolade, is because it did a very good job of convincing ME, that the Johnson Amendment really hasn’t been fair to the Church.

    This might mark the first Trump idea that I’ve agreed with thus far.

    Thank you for such a convincing argument.

  3. BdgrGrrl says:

    Pastors, priests, rabbis, imams, or other clergy have no business endorsing individual political parties or candidates from their pulpits. Would you want your church to be known as the Republican church on the corner of South and Vine or the Democrat church a mile from the new mall?

    My (Anglican) priest once said, “The day I tell who to vote for or how you should vote is the day you should ask for my resignation.”

    If churches want to keep their 501c3 status, they should refrain from endorsing candidates or political parties, just like other non-profits like the Salvation Army, Catholic Charities, our local animal shelters, Special Olympics, etc.

    Keep the Johnson Amendment in place.

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